In January 2023, there were 21,600 state schools in England, educating 8.4 million pupils. Between them, these schools have around 64,000 buildings, which vary in age and design.

A report from the National Audit Office (NAO) has revealed that 700,000 pupils are currently learning in a school that needs major rebuilding or refurbishment. The NAO recommends a plan is put in place to deal with safety issues and ensure sufficient funding is made available to maintain the rest of the school estate.